What Is Ocular Hypertension?

What Is Ocular Hypertension?

Ocular hypertension typically has no symptoms, so it’s important to get your eyes checked for this condition.

Ocular Hypertension: An Overview
Ocular hypertension occurs when the pressure inside the eye is higher than normal. There are no detectable changes in vision or damage to the structure of the eyes. Ocular hypertension is not the same as glaucoma. However, people with ocular hypertension are at increased risk for glaucoma. That’s why it’s important to have regular eye exams that check the pressure in your eyes.

With ocular hypertension, the front of the eye does not drain fluid properly, causing pressure to build up within the eye. Certain medications like steroids can increase risk, as can eye trauma and other risk factors including race, age (over 40) and family history. Having diabetes or high blood pressure also increases your risk of ocular hypertension.

There are typically no noticeable signs or symptoms for ocular hypertension. You may have high eye pressure and not know it, so it’s important to have regular eye exams. The ophthalmologist will measure eye pressure and compare it to normal. The doctor will also check for glaucoma by examining the optic nerve for damage and checking peripheral (side) vision.

The treatment of ocular hypertension will depend on the severity of the diagnosis. Eye drops are the most commonly prescribed medication for lowering intraocular pressure. Milder cases that may resolve on their own may receive no treatment at all. In severe cases where vision loss or nerve damage are high risks, surgery may be necessary to reduce ocular hypertension.

It is important to schedule regular comprehensive eye exams in order to maintain the health of your eyes. Your ophthalmologist can check for conditions including ocular hypertension and begin treatment if necessary to prevent future damage. The team at Sterling Vision is dedicated to providing the highest level of care, starting with a routine eye exam. To schedule an appointment with us, call 541-262-0597 or schedule online.